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Web Services Glossary

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UDRP (see Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy)

Under Construction page - A single, non-editable web page which displays the domain name used to reach it. NameSecure's Under Construction page is available to all NameSecure customers. The Under Construction page is not editable.

URL (Universal Resource Locator) - The addressing standard used for documents and media on the Internet. The term "http://www.mycompany.com/info/file.html" is a URL. It specifies the document type (HTTP), the computer where the document can be found (www.mycompany.com), where on the computer the document is located (/info), and the document's name (file.html).

URL Gripper - A feature that keeps a domain name in a browser's address bar while a user browses a Web site. It hides the real location of the pages. The URL Gripper is used in conjunction with Web forwarding.

Upload - To transmit information to another computer over a network. The opposite of download.

UNIX - An interactive time-sharing operating system invented in 1969 by Ken Thompson. Co-authored by Dennis Ritchie (the inventor of C, another programming language).

Usenet - A world-wide distributed interactive system consisting of "newsgroups" with names which are classified hierarchically by subject. "Articles" or "messages" are "posted" to these newsgroups by and read by people on computers with the appropriate software. Some usenet groups are "moderated", meaning that the posts are sent through a moderator for approval before they are displayed.

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V

Virtual Host - A computer which can be forced to respond to multiple IP addresses and provide various services (typically different Web services) on each. Each of these IP addresess (which usually each have their own hostname) operate as if they were separate hosts on separate machines, although they are really all the same host. Therefore, they are called "virtual" hosts. An example of virtual hosting is when an Internet Service Provider "hosts" World-Wide Web and other services for several customers on the same computer but gives the appearence that each of these services use separate servers.

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W

Web Address - A domain name or URL; usually the location currently being viewed in the web browser.

Web-Based E-mail - A service that allows users to send and receive e-mail (and usually to store e-mail and manage accounts) via a Web interface. Popular Web-based e-mail services include HotMail and Yahoo! Mail.

Web Browser - Software that gives a user access to the World Wide Web. Web browsers provide a graphical interface that lets users click buttons, icons, and menu options to view and navigate Web pages. Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer are popular Web browsers.

Web Forwarding - A service that points a domain name to an existing Web site address. Web forwarding lets you register a domain name (such as "mycompany.com") and attach it to an existing Web site (such as "http://www.aol.com/members/mycompany9876").

Web Host - a company responsible for hosting a web page.

Web Hosting - A service that allows you to upload and store a site's HTML documents and related files on a Web server. This makes the files available on the World Wide Web for viewing by the public. Also called site hosting.

Web Page - A document written in HTML that can be accessed on the Internet. Every Web page has a unique address called a URL. Web pages can contain text, graphics, and hyperlinks to other web pages and files.

Web Server - A computer that stores Web documents and makes them available to the rest of the world. A server may be dedicated, meaning its sole purpose is to be a Web server, or non-dedicated, meaning it can be used for basic computing in addition to acting as a server.

Web Site - A collection of Web pages.

WHOIS database - A public database mandated by ICANN - the regulating agency over the domain registration industry. This database was intended to help people contact domain registrants for valid reasons (ex. Legal reasons).

WHOIS NamePrivacy Service - A domain name registration add-on service offered by NameSecure that masks the publicly available data published to the WHOIS database to reduce spam, and sidetrack scammers and other nefarious sorts who would misuse that data for their own personal gain.

WHOIS Lookup - A search of a root server to determine if a domain name has been registered and, if it has, who the owner is.

World Wide Web - A vast collection of files, including text, graphics, and other data linked through the Internet.

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Z

Zone - A section of the total domain name space that is represented by the data stored on a particular name server. The name server has authority over that particular zone - or the particular section of the domain name space - described by that data.

Zone Contact - The zone contact is the person or entity that is responsible for administration and management of a domain name, and all sub-domains that have not been delegated to different name servers.

Zone Data - Information concerning a domain and contained within a zone file or a database file.

Zone File - A file on the root server that contains domain name registration information. Zone files contain information necessary to resolve domain names to IP addresses. See also database file.

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